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October 13, 20234:00 pm – 5:00 pm (CDT)

Optical and Electronic Properties of Two-Dimensional Materials


Vasili Perebeinos (University at Buffalo)


I. Borzenets



Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics & Astronomy

College Station, Texas 77843

Event Details

Atomically thin two-dimensional materials are direct bandgap semiconductors with a rich interplay of the valley and spin degrees of freedom, which offer the potential for electronics and optoelectronics. A strong Coulomb interaction leads to tightly bound electron-hole pairs or excitons and two-electron one-hole quasiparticles or trions. We solve the two-particle and three-particle problems for the wavefunctions for excitons and trions in the basis set of the model- Hamiltonian for single particles. The calculated linear absorptions, photoluminescence spectra, and polariton spectra as a function of doping and temperature explain the experimental data in 2D monolayers and predict novel spectroscopic features due to the many-body Coulomb interactions. Exciton lifetime plays a crucial role in optoelectronic applications. I will also discuss the phonon-assisted Auger non-radiative decay mechanism of excitons in doped 2D materials. Finally, I will discuss the potential of graphene as a quantum phonon sensor down to a single phonon level via remote electron-phonon scattering in an adjacent boron nitride substrate. This material is based upon work supported by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under award number FA9550-22-1-0312.

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