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Integrable Time-Dependent Quantum Hamiltonians
November 1, 20194:00 pm – 5:00 pm (CDT)

Integrable Time-Dependent Quantum Hamiltonians


Nikolai Sinitsyn (Los Alamos National Laboratory)


V. Pokrovsky



Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics & Astronomy

College Station, Texas 77843

Event Details

Time-dependence of parameters provides a new dimension for engineering quantum systems with unusual behavior. The limits of fast and slow (adiabatic) time-dependence are well studied. However, the intermediate regime is very poorly understood today because of the lack of proper theoretical methods and efficient numerical algorithms. This is the place where robust and unusual effects are still waiting to be uncovered.
In this talk, I will describe the method to study dynamics of interacting spins with simple, e.g., ~t or ~1/t time-dependence of some of the parameters without any approximation. I define what it means for such a model to be integrable and then show three examples that reveal robust dynamic collective effects. One is the BCS model with decaying superconducting gap, which shows emergence of a fully thermalized state. Another is the model of cavity QED with linear optical frequency chirp, which demonstrates a sharp phase transition between fast and slow phases. The third model shows the effect of “dynamic spin localization” in a hysteresis loop of interacting spins. This effect has no counterpart in any known classical or quantum spin model.

[1] NA Sinitsyn, EA Yuzbashyan, VY Chernyak, A Patra, C Sun. Integrable time-dependent quantum Hamiltonians, Phys. Rev. Lett. 120 190402 (2018)
[2] F Li, VY Chernyak, and NA Sinitsyn. Quantum annealing and thermalization: insights from integrability, Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 190601 (2018)

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