Home / Colloquium / Superconducting Van der Waals Heterostructures As a Quantum Information Platform
January 25, 20214:00 pm – 5:00 pm (CDT)
Superconducting Van der Waals Heterostructures As a Quantum Information Platform
Ivan Borzenets (City University of Hong Kong)
The field of Quantum Information Systems (QIS) represents the current scientific and technological frontier, which promises to harness the quantum notions of coherence and entanglement and to revolutionize the world of computing and communications. There are several solid-state platforms used for the study and applications of quantum systems. Most of them rely on low dimensional nano-materials, often coupled with superconductors, which naturally support quantum coherence and entanglement. Several of these systems aim to realize novel topological excitations, such as Majorana fermions, which in turn will bring topological quantum computation closer to reality. I discuss the use of hybrid devices made of superconductors and graphene as a platform for supporting and generating unique quantum states. Starting with graphene-based Josephson junctions, we explore the governing parameters of the platform. Ballistic graphene allows for superconducting coupling between several superconducting electrodes, and enables paradoxical scenarios, in which e.g. superconducting and dissipative currents coexist in the same physical space. Finally we combine superconductivity with the Quantum Hall effect. Such combination results in unique “Andreev edge states”. We discuss the generation and coupling between these states and their relation to the predicted Majorana fermion and parafermion excitations.