Metasurfaces are an emergent class of subwavelength diffractive optics. The individual elements comprising a metasurface may be designed with polarization sensitivity [1, 2] – in this way, metasurfaces can enable optical elements whose far-fields exhibit custom polarization-dependence. Using relatively simple design heuristics based on the Jones calculus, a variety of polarization-dependent optical elements can be realized. These include gratings (of particular interest for polarimetry [3, 4]), lenses, and holograms (the most general case ). In this talk, we discuss these metasurface polarization optics, their historical antecedents, their design, and new polarization-sensitive optical elements based on metasurfaces. Metasurfaces ideally provide new additions to the traditional toolkit of polarization optics and may soon reach a level of maturity that sees their inclusion in practical optical systems for polarimetric remote sensing and other applications.
Rubin, N. A. et al., 2021: Polarization in diffractive optics and metasurfaces. Opt. and Phot. 13(4), 836-970.
Arbabi, A. et al., 2015: Dielectric metasurfaces for complete control of phase and polarization with subwavelength spatial resolution and high transmission. Nature Nanotechnology, 10 (11), 937-943.
Rubin, N. A., et al., 2019: Matrix Fourier optics enables a compact full-Stokes polarization camera. Science365(6448), eaax1839.
Rubin, N. A., et al., 2022: Imaging polarimetry through metasurface polarization gratings. Optics Express. 30 (6) 9389-9412.
Rubin, N.A., et al., 2021: Jones matrix holography with metasurfaces. Science Adv., 7 (33).